The United States was originally constituted as a constitutional, or federal, republic, not a democracy. The news media and politicians constantly refer to “our democracy”, but a democracy is a form of government in which the majority rules. A republic is more indirect than a democracy. Representatives are elected as stand-ins for their constituencies. The Electoral College was an innovation that resulted in our presidents being elected, not by direct majority vote, but based on the population of the various states; i.e., the greater the population of a state, the greater the number of electoral votes. For example, California has 55 electoral votes, Pennsylvania has 20, Kentucky has 8, and Montana, the state where I used to live, has only 3. If the majority in California vote for one candidate, then that candidate will receive the 55 electoral votes. If another wins Montana, he receives only 3 electoral votes. You can see why candidates tend to focus on high-population states.
Why did the Founders, the 55 men who met in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 to hammer out the Constitution, establish a republic rather than a democracy? The answer is they didn’t trust majority rule. The reason is that nearly every one of them had a worldview based on the Bible, and they accepted the fact that man is born a sinner and requires restraints. As a result, they didn’t trust people to do what was best for the whole.
You have probably heard the Founders were all Deists. (Deism maintained that God created the universe but that He was detached from involvement with it. The analogy that is generally used is God was something like a celestial watchmaker who created the world, wound it up, and let it operate on the physical principles He had established. God, according to Deism, is not a personal God with Whom the individual can have a relationship. Such a God doesn’t answer prayer. Deists also denied the Trinity, miracles, the inspiration of scripture, and the deity of Christ. Deism was most definitely not a form of Christianity.) The truth is that only two of the Founders were actually Deists: Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin. Every one of the remaining 53 Founders was a member of an established Christian denomination—most of them either Congregationalists or Episcopalians. Their writings—and they are voluminous—establish beyond any doubt the orthodox Christianity of the great majority of them. The following are two quotes from two of the Founders, names that should be familiar to any reasonably educated American:
“Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other.” - John Adams
“It cannot be emphasized too strongly or too often that this great Nation was founded not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, but on the Gospel of Jesus Christ.” - Patrick Henry
I could list dozens of similar quotes, but the point is there is no doubt that the men who assembled our Constitution were Christians whose lives, thoughts, philosophies, and actions were informed by their Christian faith.