The sixth and final pillar of psychotherapy is the ultimate objective: pleasure. By that is meant freedom from guilt, shame, anxiety, fear, and suffering. Any form of mental or psychological discomfort is anathema to insight-oriented psychotherapy; in fact, what is most likely the major reason for the popularity of psychotherapy is the desire to avoid suffering. Suffering is to be avoided at any and all cost; pleasure is to be pursued above anything else. All of the 250+ forms of insight-oriented psychotherapy offer the means to easing discomfort.
To be sure, Freud didn't invent the idea of avoiding discomfort and suffering: people have always tried to do that. What he and his successors have done is to offer their methods as the best means to the desired end.
How does a person attain this level of psychological health where he or she is free of guilt and shame, free of sadness, free of anxiety and depression? It all depends on which therapist a person sees. Some therapists endeavor to train their clients to exercise greater self-control over "unhealthy" impulses. The source of such impulses is supposedly located in the unconscious which has been damaged by unhealthy environmental influences.
Another therapist might try to help his client discover his or her own innate goodness or to discover his own self-actualizing nature which has been thrown off track by external influences or the lack of proper opportunities. The goal is to "move away from facades, oughts, pleasing others, and to move toward self-direction--being more autonomous, and increasingly learning to trust and value that which exists within the person." (Source: Carl Rogers, Client Centered Therapy).
As Angelina Jolie stated it above--and she has obviously bought completely into the idea--the source of true happiness is to be free of any of the restraints others (including God) might try to put on you. What she fails to realize is that to be free from God's restraints, which have been given for our protection, is to be the slave of sin and self.
If it seems to you that these goals are self-ish, that is because that is exactly what they are--and the industry makes no bones about it. Self-satisfaction is what the psychotherapeutic industry claims it can provide.
Christian counselors will take these six pillars, toss in a few mangled Bible verses, and try to pass them off as 'Christian', and not a few Christians have been duped by that. And I do mean duped, because if there is any doubt whatever about any of the first five pillars, this sixth principle of pleasure makes clear the vast gulf that exists between the truth of God's Word and the specious claims of a man-based philosophy.
What does God's Word present as His alternative to self-satisfaction and pleasure? In a word, sacrifice. For the Christian, it is our relationship with our Creator that is to be the primary source of pleasure. Contrary to what the modern culture tries to tell us--that seeking happiness and pleasure is the most important goal in life--scripture teaches us that suffering has meaning and purpose in the life of the believer. People who know nothing of God and His goodness respond to life's troubles with avoidance and resentment. Lacking any perspective other than their own short-sightedness, the normal response is completely reasonable. But the Christian has access to any entirely different perspective:
"Beloved, do not think it strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange
thing happened to you; but rejoice to the extent that you partake of Christ's sufferings, that when His
glory is revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy. If you are reproached for the name of
Christ, blessed are you, for the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you...Therefore let those who
suffer according to the will of God commit their souls to Him in doing good, as to a faithful Creator."
1 Peter 4:12-14, 19
It was no one less than Jesus Himself Who taught us the value of suffering:
"Though He was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. And having
been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him."
I hope you didn't miss that: just as Jesus was "perfected", or brought to full maturity, through suffering and obedience, so God works to perfect us and to bring us to maturity by the same means. To run from that, while it is certainly the natural thing to do when we are confronted with discomfort and unpleasantness, is to deny ourselves the chief means God has for causing us to be conformed to the image of His dear Son: our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ.